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Moving Away From Death Panels: There is surprisingly little disagreement about what constitutes good care at the end of life, but we still can't seem to fix any of our problems. It's time for conservatives and progressives to declare a truce before we lose opportunities for health reform to improve the way Americans are cared for and die.

This could be a healing part of the process of burying the dead. Here are links to samples of selections that may help you remember the good times, and mourn the end of the life. Out of This World Pulse: Voices from the heart of medicine. Fourth-year medical student Katelyn Mohrbacher on the family's and medical staff's experience with an eighty-year-old man in a persistent coma.

Sick and Tired Paul Rousseau, in Pulse: A mother being kept alive by transfusions is sick of them and must decide whether to continue for the sake of her daughter. This luminous memoir about mothering a dying child, Ronan, from his diagnosis with Tay-Sachs disease, a degenerative condition with no cure is also about "the loving process of letting go while holding on for dear life. All Things Considered, [Back to Top]. The enemy is needless suffering. Salwitz, Kevin MD, The final part of life is about being alive, not about death.

Only by seizing those precious moments, deciding our own fate, can we hope for quality, comfort, and dignity. Still, the shroud of exhaustion settled upon them, and the siblings differed on when to cease medical interventions with their father. Terry Gross interview Judith Schwarz, who helps dying patients and their families decide whether and how to hasten the end.

Schwartz discusses the practicalities of various choices. Amy Schapiro's moving account of the three things Millicent Fenwick wanted to do before she died and how she did them. See Choosing Wisely lists resources for consumers and providers to engage in conversations about the overuse of medical tests and procedures that provide little benefit and in some cases harm: Against a backdrop of familial love, wrenching moral choices, and redemption, Butler celebrates the inventors of the s who cobbled together lifesaving machines like the pacemaker—and she exposes the tangled marriage of technology, medicine, and commerce that gave us a modern way of death: A two-page form created in Oregon is providing insight into how people want to be cared for at the end of their lives.

This number has doubled in the past decade due to advances in medicine. Many of these people appear to have no cognitive ability. All would perish if the machines were turned off. The number of people kept alive by artificial means has nearly doubled in the past decade.

The average age of people who live in subacute care is One week on life support can cost more than an entire year of health care for the average person enrolled in Medi-Cal. Before you agree to that pacemaker, know how hard it might be to undo. Deactivating an implanted cardiac device is neither euthanasia nor assisted suicide, and a doctor who feels morally unable to do it should find a colleague willing to help. The end of Katy Butler's story.

At a certain stage of life, aggressive medical treatment can become sanctioned torture. Even respected medical guideline panels appear to be influenced by corporate interests Part of the campaign involves communicating with patients that more expensive medicine doesn't necessarily mean better medicine.

And this is reflected by the evidence that four fifths of new drugs are later found to be copies of old ones — not surprising perhaps when pharmaceutical companies spend twice as much on marketing new medications as on research Sometimes "doing nothing is the best approach.

What are the risks? Are there simpler safer options? What happens if I do nothing? And even how much does it cost? It is time, said Domenighetti, to open up the black box of healthcare. What should medicine do when it can't save your life? Modern medicine is good at staving off death with aggressive interventions—and bad at knowing when to focus, instead, on improving the days that terminal patients have left. Do they know their prognosis?

What are their fears of what is to come? What are their goals--what would they like to do as time runs short? What tradeoffs are they willing to make? How much suffering are they willing to go through for the sake of added time?

There is no checklist to mark off--instead, you need a series of conversations. Peter Saul, an Australian intensive care doctor intensivist who is passionate about improving the ways we die. He calls on us to make clear our preferences for end of life care -- and suggests two questions for starting the conversation.

End of life decision-making in the critical care unit. Aid in Dying Assisted Death Terminology is a problem in discussing this subject. What supporters call "aid-in-dying" or "death with dignity," opponents call "assisted suicide" or "physician-assisted suicide," emotionally freighted phrases that cannot capture the choices individuals and families face in the presence of prolonged illness.

So why are we spending so much political energy to help the one rather than the ? Too many of us do not die in the way we would choose. Too many survivors are left guilty, depressed and bereft. Rather than just offering a few patients the 'comfort and dignity' of lethal medication, we need to assure everyone the comfort and dignity of a humane, caring ending.

And I would rather have it not be a surprise. Even as similar statutes have expanded to more venues — including, this year, Hawaii — it has remained controversial. The reasons patients gave for wanting to end their lives had more to do with psychological suffering than physical suffering The fact that she would die is a given. It was about the manner in which a person will die.

She was literally been tortured to death. What she wanted was having the option to pass away gently,' he said. Lester writes of this essay in a comment about a RadioLab podcast, The Bitter End "My father owned the way he wanted to die in a way that had us all in awe.

It is my fervent hope that this account of his death can help people facing similar situations. Is That Enough to Convict? Jess Bidgood, NY Times, To what extent can one person be responsible — and criminally liable — for the suicide of another person?

Anti-suicide advocates say that there has been more than one instance recently where a person killed himself on a Webcam as others watched. Now, with my life closer to its end than its beginning, I wish to help give people dignity in dying.

Dying people should have the right to choose how and when they leave Mother Earth. I believe that, alongside the wonderful palliative care that exists, their choices should include a dignified assisted death. The author lays out the arguments for and against. Should she quit her job?

Take that dream cruise? Write a living will? Physicians play a part in the confusion, too. Doctors consistently overestimate how long a patient has to live And if patients think a doctor is doing a good job of communicating with them, they're more likely to be erroneously optimistic about a cure.

That can keep patients from fulfilling key goals before they die. Sometimes a family's desire to "think positive" can make people reluctant to bring up death or dying. The experience set Rehm on a path to better understanding medically assisted death, which is only legal in a handful of states. As most doctors know, such diagnoses can be deeply unreliable. However catchy, it is broadly untrue. The human life force is stubborn, and it takes a visceral struggle to extinguish it. Suicide, as commonly practised by amateurs, is not painless: And when do six months become a year?

Smith, USA Today, As matters stand, the law requires patients considering hospice to make an awful choice. In exchange for insurance paying for hospice care — which focuses on pain control, symptom management and social support — the patient must forgo all other forms of treatment.

As Ira Byock says, "A third of all U. Thus, because of the 'terrible choice' Medicare rules impose, hospice is not doing end-of-life care as much as brink-of-death care. Note that what makes her feel better is knowing she has a choice.

Compassion or a Slippery Slope? Roxanne Nelson, Medscape, This piece draws on two reports, one from the Netherlands and one from Belgium, the first countries to legalize these practices. Lawrence Egbert has replaced Jack Kevorkian as the face of assisted suicide in America. Banned everywhere but Oregon until , it is now legal in five states Ira Byock, Politico, "For years it seemed like we were on a path to a future in which every person could be assured of comfort and having their dignity honored through the very end of life.

Unfortunately, countervailing forces, chief among them the profit motive, supervened. Instead of transforming mainstream health care to become genuinely person-centered, hospice, palliative medicine and geriatrics are largely being absorbed within corporatized medicine. A tectonic shift in the way healthcare is paid for—from financially rewarding quantity of services to measured quality of care delivered—has the potential to improve care for seriously ill people in transformative ways.

But a recent survey of 21, doctors in the U. According to Medscape, the organization that did the survey, 54 percent of American doctors support assisted suicide, up from 46 percent four years earlier. The most common reason people gave for considering assisted suicide was fear of a loss of autonomy. Behind the Cover Story: Arguments for and against and what experience in Oregon and Amsterdam teaches.

And children don't always honor their parents' wishes. Be sure to read this article. At 82, Merla Zellerbach has been reborn as a mystery writer. After those two experiences, I began delving into the mysteries of life and death.

You bet I do. Ashton Applewhite's excellent essay on the need for an advocate who will know what we want and realize that we might change our minds, on the blog, Yo, Is This Ageist? John West tells Diane Rehm and radio listeners why and how he assisted his parents with their suicides. He offers a first-hand account of the decision no child wants to face and explains why he followed through on his parent's desire to choose death with dignity.

He also tells the story in his book The Last Goodnights: Wikipedia's entry distinguishes between "assisted suicide" where one person helps another end his life and "euthanasia" or "mercy killing" where another person ends the life. Indicates what the laws are in various countries and U. Sir Terry Pratchett announced in that he had been diagnosed with a rare form of early-onset Alzheimer's disease. In this keynote lecture, he explores how modern society, confronted with an increasingly older population, many of whom will suffer from incurable illnesses, needs to redefine how it deals with death.

Read the comments, too. Death,' which includes interesting segments on dying with dignity individuals having some control over when they die, particularly if they're heading toward the painful end of a terminal condition: After a segment in which Michael Schermer tells how our brains are hard-wired for "beliefs," listen to Should Doctors Hasten Death?

You can listen to full segment here. A third segment is Making the Choice: Merrily's Story begins at 33 min. Order the beautiful gift edition of Dying: A Book of Comfort.

Many are never the same. Less than three months into , there have been 11 shootings, already making this year among the worst on record. Chicago hopes behavioral therapy can cut gun violence Aamer Madhani, USA Today, The day's group therapy session for the young detainees at the county jail started with their behavioral health specialist testing them with a hypothetical scenario: A study by criminologist Adam Lankford finds that fame-seeking as a motive for rampage shooting dates back decades.

News organizations should consider whether the value of providing these images to the public outweighs the harm they may cause. In , they killed 7, children before they reached their 14th birthday. Boys in this age group died at two-and-a-half times the rate of girls In many of these countries, few guns appear to be in the hands of legal owners.

Men threw away their uniforms, they were covered in so much blood. And then the nightmares started. And about 45 percent of folks 65 and older have guns at home. Families Confront Dementia And Guns JoNel Aleccia and Melissa Bailey, KHN, As America copes with an epidemic of gun violence that kills 96 people each day, there has been vigorous debate about how to prevent people with mental illness from acquiring weapons. But a little-known problem is what to do about the vast cache of firearms in the homes of aging Americans with impaired or declining mental faculties.

Look at the numbers in this piece. Aamer Madhani and Andrew Wolfson, USA Today, If gun rights activist Cody Wilson gets his way in his legal battle, soon anybody — including convicted felons and the mentally ill — with a few raw materials and access to an industrial 3D printer could build a plastic firearm, gun control advocates say. But will people, particularly a criminal or someone else intent on carrying out violence, bother to make the effort?

Tech experts and stakeholders in the gun control debate are divided on whether the emergence of 3D-printed plastic guns presents an immediate safety threat to U. He provides a reasonable history and overview of the U. While most legislative proposals to address gun violence stall, the "red flag" laws, as they are known, have passed with bipartisan support and the collaboration of activists on both sides of the gun control debate. The momentum for these laws comes after investigations revealed that the shooters often showed warning signs that they would commit violence.

Nine states now have such laws on the books and dozens of others are considering such proposals. He thinks more guns in the schools will make them safer, and wants some teachers armed with them. He found no support for that in Parkland. But research has found that only 3 to 5. And such measures would turn back the clock to a time when individuals could be hospitalized without their consent, even if they did not pose a danger to themselves or others. Chivers, NY Times, Perhaps no one knows the devastating wounds inflicted by assault-style rifles better than the trauma surgeons who struggle to repair them.

The doctors say they are haunted by their experiences confronting injuries so dire they struggle to find words to describe them. At a high school in Parkland, Fla. There was nothing left to repair, and utterly, devastatingly, nothing that could be done to fix the problem. The injury was fatal A typical AR bullet leaves the barrel traveling almost three times faster than, and imparting more than three times the energy of, a typical 9mm bullet from a handgun If a victim takes a direct hit to the liver from an AR, the damage is far graver than that of a simple handgun shot injury.

For eight months, reporters Amber Hunt of the Cincinnati Enquirer and Elizabeth Van Brocklin of The Trace traveled the country talking to people who know the answer too well. Their backgrounds and circumstances stories all vary, but they share one defining truth: Each had their lives changed by the path of a bullet. But Ma, Nookala, and their classmates—already known and trusted as press on campus—have a unique advantage.

We are prepared to call BS! Politicians who sit in their gilded House and Senate seats funded by the NRA, telling us nothing could have ever been done to prevent this: They say that tougher gun laws do not decrease gun violence: They say a good guy with a gun stops a bad guy with a gun: They say guns are just tools like knives and are as dangerous as cars: They say that no laws could have been able to prevent the hundreds of senseless tragedies that have occurred: States are interfering in local efforts to raise wages, pass paid sick time and non-discrimination ordinances, and adopt fracking and environmental regulations.

Lawmakers are using preemption to overturn elections, perpetuate racial and economic inequality, and silence local voices The Parkland gunman, in practical terms, had the same rifle firepower as an American grunt using a standard infantry rifle in the standard way.

But some posts on the massacre that claimed 49 lives also included a curious phrase: Both can do extensive damage. She is discovering whose gifts are going unnoticed by their peers. It once was fistfights. It once was stabbings. A two-year, part radio series about young people and gun violence in Milwaukee. The stories give voice to many people not represented in mainstream media.

Suicide rates are higher in rural Maryland than in urban areas, driven by heavier rates of firearm suicides in men. Urban homicide rates from guns are higher than rural rates. Maryland is suited for this study because it is one of the few states to use appointed medical examiners exclusively, rather than elected coroners, who may not be forensic pathologists.

The United States has million guns and had 90 mass shooters from to No other country has more than 46 million guns or 18 mass shooters. A thoughtful set of comparisons. About one in five are likely psychotic or delusional, according to Dr. Michael Stone, a forensic psychiatrist at Columbia University who maintains a database of mass killers going back more than a century. The figure for the general public is closer to 1 percent. But the rest of these murderers do not have any severe, diagnosable disorder Stone said of his research Substance abuse was also common: More than 40 percent had problems with alcohol, marijuana or other drugs But other factors must be weighed.

When the AKs and the Kalashnikovs and the Uzis — all these semiautomatic weapons, when they became so easily accessible. The one concrete benefit of officially committing him would be that he could be prohibited from buying a gun from any federally licensed retailer.

Of course, this would do nothing about any guns and ammunition he may already have amassed. Nor would it deter him from getting guns from private-party sales, which are exempt from background checks in many states. Hayes, Slate, Anger management. Some of our best-known folk tales were passed down by teenagers—specifically teenage girls The common belief is that many of these tales, when told to children, serve as warnings for bad behavior, harsh lessons, morality plays.

To be an adolescent girl is, for many, to view yourself as desperately set apart, powerfully misunderstood. A special alien, terrible and extraordinary Like a fairy-tale monster, Slender Man emerged through a series of obscure clues, never fully visible.

He first appeared online, in the summer of , in two vague images that were quickly passed around horror and fantasy fan forums. Valuable in providing accurate information about gun-related violence in the United States. See, for example, page on Mass shootings. A gun owner herself, she's trying to help other parents avoid a similar tragedy by keeping guns in a cabinet or drawer locked from children.

We have reached the th day of The horror that rained down on the Las Vegas strip Sunday night was the rd mass shooting of the year. It was the second mass shooting of the day on October 1, and the third of the weekend.

It was the 11th mass shooting that week, since the previous Sunday, when there were four. There were two more that Saturday. Since September 2, , there have been 29 mass shootings in America. On an average day, 98 Americans are killed with guns on average, 7 children and teens. That's 12, gun deaths a year, average. For every person killed, two more are injured.

America's gun homicide rate is more than 25 times the average of other developed countries. In an average month 50 women are shot to death by intimate partners in the U. In a domestic violence situation, women are five times more likely to be killed if there is a gun in the house. Black men are 14 times more likely than white men to be shot and killed by guns.

A KHN investigation uncovered dozens of cases of deaths and injuries. Here are legal and practical steps to stay safe. Let's end its stranglehold on science. The study found that keeping a gun in the home was strongly and independently associated with an increased risk of homicide. The article concluded that rather than confer protection, guns kept in the home are associated with an increase in the risk of homicide by a family member or intimate acquaintance Of those who carry loaded weapons, 3 million do it every day.

Of those who carried loaded handguns, about two-thirds reported always carrying them concealed while 1 in 10 reported always carrying them openly. So this indicates that there could have been potentially an opportunity for intervention for those women.

Nobody, save perhaps for the hardcore gun lobby, doubts that gun violence is a serious problem. And solving a crisis, as any expert will tell you, begins with data. But the government has mostly been mute on the economic toll of gun violence.

Why the lack of solid data? A prime reason is that the National Rifle Association and other influential gun rights advocates have long pressured political leaders to shut down research related to firearms. A top public health expert describes the chill this way: No one is attacking us when we do heart disease.

What restrictions you might ask? There is, for example, a law prohibiting the National Institutes of Health from spending to advocate or promote gun control.

Even the new health care law includes a provision preventing doctors from asking patients about guns in the home. Stand with Gabby Giffords. Sign this petition to Congress to make our communities safer from gun violence by taking action to make it harder for criminals, terrorists, and the dangerously mentally ill to get their hands on guns.

She was the love of his life, the mother of their son, and their lives will never be the same. Leiris' decision not to hate those whose actions were ignited by hate, may appear to be saintly--it is not.

This is a meditation on the consequences of hate, and how one man has chosen to deal with the aftermath on a daily, and probably eternal way. The debate over guns in America has never been easy — but is it getting harder to keep it civil and useful? Frohlich, USA Today, All episodes can be downloaded, and are intended to be used in outreach and engagement. Most shootings with four deaths or injuries are invisible outside their communities.

And most of the lives they scar are black. The country had moved on. But inside one house in Oregon, a family was discovering the unending extent of a wound. She watched her child die in a mass shooting. This university site is for researchers, officials, journalists and advocates who need accurate citations and rapid access to credible sources. No longer updated, for lack of funding.

Her brother Jaxon, then 3, who found a loaded handgun in a nearby bedroom and fired it. Tested 67 Nuclear Bombs in Their Country.

National Domestic Violence Hotline Domestic violence also called intimate partner violence IPV , domestic abuse or relationship abuse is a pattern of behaviors used by one partner to maintain power and control over another partner in an intimate relationship.

Read about the warning signs. Computer use can be monitored and is impossible to completely clear. Editorial, WashPost, In criminal violence cases in Montgomery County, Maryland, guns were virtually never discussed. Education and counseling for people experiencing violence is also more widely available in clinics and hospitals.

Preventive Services Task Force recommends doctors routinely question women about violence in the home and refer them to services if needed. The task force concluded in that intervention could reduce violence and abuse as well as mental and physical health problems. You can't see any light at the end of the tunnel, you don't know what's going to happen to you.

Domestic Violence and Traumatic Brain Injury Rachel Louise Snyder, New Yorker, The vast majority of domestic-violence victims who show signs of traumatic brain injury never receive a formal diagnosis. Fifty per cent of domestic-violence victims are strangled at some point in the course of their relationship—often repeatedly, over years. Head and neck injuries are some of the most common issues, and Zieman is uncovering how frequently traumatic brain injury is a part of the picture About 70 percent of people seen in the ER for such abuse are never actually identified as survivors of domestic violence.

It's a health crisis cloaked in secrecy and shame, one that Zieman is uncovering through her work at the Barrow Concussion and Brain Injury Center. Its continued existence is morally indefensible. Its cost to individuals, to health systems and to society is enormous. Yet no other major problem of public health has been so widely ignored and so little understood. Digital Tools of Domestic Abuse Nellie Bowles, NY Times, "The people who called into the help hotlines and domestic violence shelters said they felt as if they were going crazy.

Internet-connected locks, speakers, thermostats, lights and cameras that have been marketed as the newest conveniences are now also being used as a means for harassment, monitoring, revenge and control. It is ignored by the voice of desire. It is contradicted by the voice of shame. It is biased by hate and extinguished by anger. Most of all it is silenced by ignorance. It represents the abandonment of hope. Richard Morgan, Wash Post, 'Suicide is a kind of fatal exhaustion.

It knocks on your door not as a monster but as a healer making a house call What we need to do is make that knock at the door less appealing. Give it less space to be heard. We need each other desperately all the time If you or someone you know is thinking about suicide, seek help. Yes, contagion is real. Some things journalists need to mention when writing about suicides. Razy Sellars was 11 when he took his life. Gabriel Taye was 8.

Jamel Myles was 9. Suicide in elementary school-aged children remains rare: But medical professionals and researchers have noted alarming increases in the last decade — deaths more than doubled from to — and rising numbers of young children visiting emergency rooms for suicidal thoughts and attempts.

Among female to male teens, the language the study uses for transgender male teens, more than half Among college students, suicide is the second leading cause of death in the country. Supporting a student who struggles with mental health can be difficult for parents and they may not know where to start. This guide provides resources and expert advice to help parents compassionately care for high school and college students and make sure they get the professional services they need.

If you believe you might need help now, you DO. Take action right now. Call or the suicide hotline at TALK ask for help. From teenagers to college students, LGBT to the elderly, people struggling with depression and suicidal thoughts need options, reassurance, hope and help.

Pain isn't always obvious. See also Physician Suicide. In state and federal prisons, 5. Researchers Fatos Kaba, Homer Venters, and their colleagues at the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene discovered several features that were correlated with increased risk of self-harm by inmates. Among the strongest predictors of self-harm were solitary confinement, serious mental illness, youth age 18 or younger , and being of Latino or Caucasian race.

What not to write and what to write instead. Many schools "have increased spending on mental health services to counter what the American Psychological Association and other groups have called a mental health crisis on campuses. If the statistics become public, some schools fear it could damage their reputations. Schools that do track suicides, however, often use their data to refine prevention efforts.

The incident was enough to get students talking, especially on social media, about experiences where they felt scared, depressed, stressed -- and then the difficulties in getting counseling. For youths between the ages of 10 and 24 years, suicide was the third leading cause of death in behind only unintentional injuries and homicide.

Suicide risk increases with age Across the study period from to , suicide rates for youths in rural areas of the United States were approximately double those in urban areas for both males and females.

Moreover, males are four times as likely as females to complete suicide peaking in the age group and young men in that age group "may be reluctant to use services because of the stigma associated with mental illness and the lack of anonymity in a rural environment.

Rural residents may tend to value self-reliance and individualism, distrust governmental authority, and view help-seeking more negatively than urban residents. Backus, John Whose development of the Fortran programming language paved the way for modern software Bacon, Charlotte Bacon, James Columnist to the stars Bacon, Kenneth Pentagon spokesman in the Clinton administration Badillo, Herman First Puerto Rico-born congressman Baer, Ralph Video game pioneer Bagapsh, Sergei The leader of Abkhazia Bahr, Walter Last surviving member of the U.

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Bellson, Louie Big band and jazz drummer whose career spanned six decades Belov, Vasily Russian writer Benaud, Richie Benchley, Peter Whose novel "Jaws" made millions think twice about stepping into the water Bender, Frank Artist whose forensic sculptures helped capture criminals and identify victims Bendjedid, Chadli Former president of Algeria Bendjelloul, Malik 'Searching for Sugar Man' director Benenson, Peter Who founded Amnesty International more than four decades ago Bennett, Bob Republican from Utah served 18 years in U.

Bennett, Brooke Missing Vermont girl found dead Bennett, Estelle Member of The Ronettes Bennett, Richard Rodney British composer, pianist and arranger Bennett, Robert Served 18 years as a U. Bentsen, Lloyd Texan served in Congress for 28 years and as President Clinton's first treasury secretary Berenstain, Stan Who with his wife created the popular children's books about a loving furry family called the Berenstain Bears Bergen, Polly Actress starred in 'Cape Fear' Berger, Sandy Former U.

Bergesch, Bill Former Cincinnati Reds general manager Bergman, Ingmar Iconoclastic filmmaker widely regarded as one of the great masters of modern cinema Bergonzi, Carlo Italian tenor Berle, Milton The acerbic, cigar-smoking vaudevillian who eagerly embraced a new medium Berns, Sam Struggled with rare genetic condition Bernstein, Harry Published his first book at age Berra, Carmen Wife of Yogi Berra Berrigan, Daniel Jesuit priest helped shape the course of the s anti-war movement Bertrand, Marcheline Actress and mother of Angelina Jolie Best, George One of the most dazzling players in soccer history Betbeze Fox, Yolande Miss America helped change beauty pageants Bey, Turhan Actor whose exotic good looks earned him the nickname of "Turkish Delight" Biggers, William Watts Co-creator of the cartoon "Underdog" Biggs, Barton Former Morgan Stanley strategist warned of dot-com crash Bikel, Theodore Actor and singer known for "Fiddler on the Roof" Bilk, Acker Legendary jazz clarinetist Billey, Wilfred Navajo Code Talker whose words are inscribed on congressional medals Binchy, Maeve Beloved Irish novelist Bisher, Furman Famed Georgia sportswriter Bishop, Joey Comedian was the Rat Pack's last surviving member Bivins, Jimmy Hall of Fame boxer Black, Cilla Legendary TV presenter and singing star Black, Karen Actress appeared in more than movies Astrologer whose forecasts were read in newspapers across the world Blah, Moses Served as Liberia's president for two months Bland, Bobby "Blue" Distinguished singer known as the "the Sinatra of the blues" Blank, Les Acclaimed documentary filmmaker Blankley, Tony Conservative author and commentator Blatnick, Jeff Olympic gold medal wrestler Blazonczyk, Eddie Grammy Award-winning polka great Blegvad, Erik Children's book artist Bleuel, Amy Advocate founded the suicide prevention initiative Project Semicolon Bley, Paul Canadian-born U.

Bloomingdale, Betsy Fashion icon was known for her philanthropy Blosil, Michael year-old son of entertainer Marie Osmond Blount, Lisa Actor and Academy Award winning filmmaker Blue, Forrest Four-time Pro Bowl center Shared the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the hepatitis B virus Bobek, Stjepan Yugoslav football legend Boerwinkle, Tom Former Chicago Bulls center Boggs, Grace Lee Longtime labor, civil rights activist Boggs, Lindy Former Louisiana Congresswoman Boggs, Thomas Hale Powerful Washington lobbyist and son of congressional royalty Bogle, Bob Lead guitarist and co-founder of the rock band The Ventures Bohley, Baerbel Prominent pro-democracy figure in former East Germany Bolden, Elizabeth "Lizzie" Recognized as the world's oldest person at years old Bombing Victims, Brussels, Belgium, At least 23 people are dead after three explosions Bombing Victims, Kabul At least 28 killed in Afghanistan explosion Bond, Julian Lifelong civil rights activist Bond, Michael English children's author created the beloved Paddington Bear Bonds, Bobby One of the first major leaguers to blend home-run power with base-stealing speed Bonds, Judy Environmental activist was a vocal critic of mountaintop removal coal mining Bonfils, Kan Actor appeared in 'Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace' Boogaard, Derek One of hockey's most-feared enforcers One of the first black military aviators known as the Tuskegee Airmen Booth, Adrian Film actress also threw pies with the Three Stooges Boothe, Powers Emmy-winning actor excelled in villain roles Borbon, Pedro Baseball player pitched 10 years for the Cincinnati Reds Borgnine, Ernest Screen star won the best-actor Oscar in Borislow, Dan The inventor of magicJack Famously unsuccessful Supreme Court nominee Boros, Steve Played a key role in one of baseball's most thrilling World Series moments Bose, Amar Founder and chairman of audio technology company Bose Corp Boston, Bernie Newspaper photographer best known for his iconic s picture of a Vietnam War protester Bottoms, Sam Actor had a small but memorable role in the s classic "Apocalypse Now" Bouchard, Emile Longtime Montreal Canadiens captain Boulez, Pierre World-renowned French classical music conductor Former Indiana Governor and U.

Health and Human Services Secretary Bowie, David Legendary British singer and boundary-breaking musician Bowman, Christopher Former U. The first black managing editor of The New York Times Boyle, Patricia Former federal judge Boynton Robinson, Amelia U.

Brady, James Former White House press secretary Brady, Sarah Kemp Gun control activist Author penned novel "To Sir, With Love" that became a movie Brancheau, Dawn SeaWorld trainer killed by a whale Fredric Pioneering dermatologist, author and early proponent of Botox Brandt, Margit Fashion icon led international breakthroughs for Danish designs Branton, Leo Lawyer helped radical Angela Davis win sensational murder case Navy diver, portrayed in the film ''Men of Honor" Brasse, Wilhelm Auschwitz prisoner and photographer Brazda, Rudolf Last surviving person interned by Nazis because of his homosexuality Brecker, Michael Versatile and influential tenor saxophonist won 11 Grammys Breed, MC Michigan rapper burst onto the national scene in Breen, Bobby Former child star best known in the s Breitbart, Andrew Conservative media publisher and activist Brennan, Eileen Actress starred in "Private Benjamin" Brenner, David Comedian, actor, author Briban, Roxana Romanian opera singer Bridges, Dorothy Matriarch of the acting family that includes sons Jeff and Beau Brillstein, Bernie Veteran Hollywood manager, producer and power broker Brinker, Norman Restaurant mogul who built casual dining empire Brinkman, Eddie Record-setting shortstop had a year career in the majors and coached the White Sox Broder, David Pulitzer Prize-winning political reporter and columnist Brodeur, Denis Father of star goalie Martin Brodeur Pioneering Jewish feminist writer Bronson, Charles Grim-faced tough guy made his mark with action films like the "Death Wish" series Brooks, Cedric Influential roots reggae musician Brooks, Herb Former Olympic hockey coach led U.

Brooks, Martin Actor who played Dr. Brothers, Jim Kansas sculptor, whose works are at historical monuments around the country Brothers, Joyce Pop psychologist pioneered the television advice show Brotman, Jeff Costco chairman co-founded the warehouse retailer Browder, Kalief Teen who was jailed 3 years without trial, then freed Brown, Bonnie Member of country music vocal group the Browns Brown, Chris All-Star third baseman played six seasons in the majors in the s Brown, Chuck Musician widely acclaimed as the "Godfather of go-go" Brown, Cynthia Human Rights Watch activist Brown, Eric British pilot who flew more types of airplanes than anyone else in history Brown, Errol Hot Chocolate singer Brown, Gates Former Tigers outfielder Brown, Helen Gurley Legendary editor of Cosmopolitan magazine Brown, James The dynamic, pompadoured "Godfather of Soul" General manager helped Pittsburgh Pirates win 2 World Series titles Brown, Linda Student in the landmark Brown v.

Board of Education U. Brown, Marcia Award-winning children's book illustrator Brown, Michael Teenager was fatally shot by a police officer Brown, Nappy Blues singer climbed the Billboard charts with his gospel-influenced style Brown, Ruth Whose recordings shot her to rhythm-and-blues stardom in the s Brown, Vivian Famous San Francisco twin Brown, Wesley Oldest sitting U.

Browne, Joy Nationally syndicated call-in talk show host Browne, Malcolm Photograper of Vietnamese burning monk Browne, Sylvia Popular psychic and author Browning, James The nation's longest-serving federal appellate judge Brunetti, Argentina A character actress who played the worried wife of Mr. Martini in the classic film "It's a Wonderful Life" Buchwald, Art Pulitzer Prize winning columnist chronicled the life and times of Washington Buck, Leslie Created the cardboard cup that became a pop-culture emblem of New York Erudite Ivy Leaguer and conservative commentator Buffone, Doug Former Chicago Bears linebacker Building Explosion Victims, Harlem At least seven have died in a gas explosion Bumpers, Dale Former U.

Bunch, Jon Co-founder and lead singer for the emo band Sense Field Burden, Chris Noted performance artist and sculptor Burns, Conrad Former Republican U. Burns, Marilyn "Texas Chainsaw Massacre" actress Burri, Rene Prominent Swiss photographer Burton, Roderick Up-and-coming rapper known as "Dolla" Burton, Tony Actor played the trainer in six "Rocky" films Brother to one U. Buster, Prince Legendary pioneer of ska music Butcher, Susan Four-time Iditarod champion dominated the 1,mile sled dog race in the late s Butler, Robert Pulitzer Prize-winning expert on aging who coined the phrase "ageism" Bygraves, Max Veteran British entertainer known for his old-fashioned charm Byrd, Donald Leading hard-bop trumpeter of the s Former senator from Virginia Byrd, Robert The longest-serving senator in history Byrne, Jane Chicago's first and only female mayor Cady, Frank Played the general-store owner on "Green Acres" Caesar, Sid Comic genius of s television Cahir, Bill Former journalist who joined the Marines after September 11th Calero, Adolfo Former Nicaragua Contra leader Calero, Miguel Played with Mexican soccer club Pachuca Callahan, James "Jim" Former Kentucky state representative Calley, John Ran three Hollywood studios Camerino, Giuliana Coen Designer credited with making handbags a fashion item Camp, Rick Former Atlanta Braves pitcher Campbell, Bill Philadelphia radio and TV sports announcer Campbell, Carroll Politically savvy former governor who helped make the Republican Party a powerful force in South Carolina Campbell, Delois Legendary gospel singer Campbell, Glen "Rhinestone Cowboy" country singer Civil rights leader and renegade preacher Camping, Harold Doomsday minister and Christian evangelist Campos, Adriana Popular telenovela actress Camuto, Vince Legendary women's footwear designer Cantu, Sandra 8-year-old girl had been missing for several days Capa, Cornell Pioneering photojournalist used his camera to illuminate social and humanitarian causes Caray, Skip Voice of the Atlanta Braves and part of a family line of baseball broadcasters Carey, Harry Character actor whose career spanned over 50 years Carey, Hugh Former New York governor Carey, William Polk Entrepreneur who donated millions to education Carlile, Kaiser Batboy struck in head by practice swing Carlin, George Dean of counterculture comedians was known for his biting insights on life Carmen, Jeanne s pinup and B-movie actress hobnobbed with Frank Sinatra and other stars Caro, Anthony British sculptor of large, abstract steel creations Carpenter, Scott 2nd US astronaut in orbit Carr, Charles Drove country music legend Hank Williams on his last trip Carr, Johnnie Prominent civil rights activist over the past half century Carr, Sam Mississippi Delta musician was one of the best blues drummers in the country Carrell, Mike Washington state senator Carrillo Fernandez, Simon Adrian Carrington, Leonora Painter, writer and sculptor considered one of the last of the original surrealists Carson, Joanne Ex-wife of former 'Tonight Show' host Carson, Julia Seven-term Indianapolis Representative Carter, Beverly Realtor who disappeared last week Carter, Don Bowling great during the golden age of the game Carter, Elliott Pulitzer Prize winning classical composer Carter, Gary Hall of Fame major league baseball player Carter, Jack Comedian and actor Carter, Janette The last surviving child of country music's founding Carter Family Carter, Nell Who played the stout, sassy housekeeper on the s sitcom "Gimme a Break!

Carter, Robert Lawyer who worked on Brown v. Artist's illustrations graced "The Shadow" and other sci-fi and mystery publications Casale, Bob Founding guitarist for Devo Casares, Rick Star running back for the Chicago Bears Cash, June Carter Grammy-winning scion of one of country music's pioneering families and wife of Johnny Cash Cashen, Frank Former Mets general manager Cassady, Carolyn Writer and friend of Jack Kerouac Cassese, Antonio Renowned international law expert prosecuted war crimes Castor, Jimmy Funk and soul saxophonist, singer and songwriter Catlett, Elizabeth Sculptor and printmaker Catri, Dick Surfing pioneer was known as "the godfather of East Coast surfing" Cavanaugh, Christine Prolific voice actress Cecil, Henry One of British horse racing's greatest trainers Cellucci, Argeo Paul Former Massachusetts governor Chabrol, Claude French filmmaker was one of the founders of the New Wave movement Chacon, Bobby Former two-time world boxing champion Challis, John Teen inspired professional sports players with his positive attitude about having cancer Chance, Britton Biophysicist was also an Olympic gold medalist sailor Chance, Dean Cy Young-winning pitcher who palled around with Sinatra Chandnois, Lynn s special teams star for the Pittsburgh Steelers Chapot, Frank Equestrian won two silver medals in six Olympics Charles, Ray The Grammy-winning crooner who blended gospel and blues Chartoff, Robert "Rocky," "Raging Bull" movie producer Chaykin, Maury Canadian actor whose career spans 35 years and two countries Chedid, Andree Egyptian-born French poet and writer Chepe, Oscar Espinosa Cuban dissident economist Chereau, Patrice Celebrated French actor and director Chernomyrdin, Viktor Served as Russia's prime minister in the turbulent s Chess, Phil Music exec co-founded the legendary Chess Records label First black lawyer in Selma, Alabama, was prominent in civil rights cases Child, Julia Whose warbling, encouraging voice and able hands brought the intricacies of French cuisine Chiluba, Frederick Zambia's first democratically elected president Chisholm, Shirley An advocate for minority rights who became the first black woman elected to Congress Chopra, Yash Bollywood movie mogul Christensen, Todd Professional football player and sportscaster Christian, Linda Hollywood starlet who became the first Bond girl Christopher, Sybil Theater producer and ex-wife of Richard Burton Church Shooting Victims, Charleston Pastor, 8 others fatally shot at church Ciccone, Don Singer-songwriter who was a member of the Four Seasons Cirillo, Nathan Canadian soldier guarding war memorial Claiborne, Liz Fashion designer's styles became a cornerstone of career women's wardrobes Clancy, Gil Boxing trainer who helped lead Emile Griffith to welterweight and middleweight titles Clark, Guy Country singer-songwriter won a Grammy Award Clark, Huguette Montana copper heiress once lived in the largest apartment on Fifth Avenue Clark, Kelly Attorney fought for childhood victims of sexual abuse An educator and psychologist who spent his life working for racial integration Visionary science fiction writer won worldwide acclaim with more than books Clarke, Ron Australia's greatest middle distance runner Clarke, Warren British actor Clarke, William "Bunny Rugs" Husky-voiced reggae singer Clauson, Bryan Popular dirt track racer Clements, Bill Former Texas governor Clerides, Glafcos Former Cyprus president Cliburn, Van Internationally celebrated pianist helped thaw the Cold War Coachman Davis, Alice First black woman to win Olympic gold Coase, Ronald Oldest Nobel Prize winner House member in North Carolina Who became a legal superstar after helping clear O.

Cockburn, Alexander Longtime columnist for The Nation magazine Cocker, Joe Award winning British singer Coe, George Veteran film and TV character actor Coe-Jones, Dawn Canadian hall of fame golfer Cogdill, Gail Former Detroit Lions wide receiver Cohen, Avi Liverpool defender and first Israeli to play in England''s top soccer league Cohen, Carla Co-owner of popular D. Cohen, Leonard Legendary singer-songwriter penned "Hallelujah" Cole, George Veteran British actor known best for "Minder" Cole, Natalie Grammy-winning singer Coleman, Jerry Hall of Fame broadcaster Coleman, Ornette Innovative jazz saxophonist and composer Collapse Victims, Mecca Crane More than 65 people killed in crane accident at mosque Colledge, Cecilia Innovative figure skater was the youngest athlete to compete in the Winter Olympics Collier, Jason Atlanta Hawks center Collins, Bud Sportscaster provided decades of tennis commentary on TV Collins, Jerry Former All Blacks rugby player Collins, Marva Innovative Chicago educator Colmes, Alan Radio and TV political talk show host Colvin, Marie Respected American war reporter Commoner, Barry Scientist and one of the pioneers of the environmental movement Como, Perry Crooning baritone barber known for his relaxed vocals, cardigan sweaters and TV specials Acclaimed author of twin novels "Mrs.

Conner, Bruce Beat-era artist made groundbreaking avant-garde films Connors, Mike Actor starred on the detective series "Mannix" Connors, Tom Country-folk singer and one of Canada's biggest cultural icons Conrad, Paul Political cartoonist who won three Pulitzer Prizes Conroy, Pat Best-selling author drew upon rough childhood experience as military brat Cooley, Denton Surgeon performed world's first artificial heart implant Cooper, Henry Heavyweight boxer once knocked down Muhammad Ali Cooper, Jackie Won a best actor Oscar nomination at the age of Cope, Myron Screechy-voiced announcer's colorful catch phrases became symbols of the Pittsburgh Steelers Surgeon was part of the medical team that saved Martin Luther King Jr First woman to hold the top editorial post at The Baltimore Sun newspaper Corliss, Richard Time magazine longtime film critic Cornelius, Don "Soul Train" creator and longtime host Coryell, Don NFL coach and a founding father of modern passing game Coryell, Larry Jazz guitarist was known as the Godfather of Fusion Cossette, John Longtime executive producer of the Grammy Awards Cossiga, Francesco Former President of Italy Costanza, Margaret Veteran political activist and women's rights champion Cotton, Dorothy Civil rights pioneer worked alongside the Rev.

Cotton, James Legendary blues harp player won a Grammy in Courreges, Andre French fashion designer and miniskirt pioneer Court, Hazel English actress starred in popular horror movies of the s and '60s Courtenay, Bryce Best-selling Australian author Covey, Joy Former Amazon executive Covington, Joey Former Jefferson Airplane drummer Cowan, George Manhattan Project scientist Craig Lewis, Joyce Female Philadelphia firefighter dies in house fire Craighead George, Jean Newbery Medal-winning author Cramer, Richard Ben Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and author Crane, Phil Former Illinois congressman Crash Victims, Colombia Plane 75 people, including many soccer players, are killed Crash Victims, Colorado Van Amtrak train-van collision leaves 5 dead Crash Victims, Flydubai All 62 people onboard the aircraft have died Crash Victims, Georgia Southern Five students killed in multiple vehicle crash Crash Victims, Philly Amtrak Eight dead after train derailed Craven, Wes Iconic film director whose name is synonymous with horror Crenchaw, Milton One of the last original Tuskegee Airmen instructors Crewe, Bob Wrote string of hits for the Four Seasons Crews, Harry Author and cult favorite whose hard and crazy times inspired his brutal tales Crough, Suzanne "The Partridge Family" child star Crowder, Eddie Spent nearly half a century as U.

Crumley, James Crime novelist whose hardened detectives worked cases in dingy Montana bars Cruz, Celia Cuban-born singer started out singing in Havana nightclubs and became the "Queen of Salsa" Jay Trooper died in helicopter crash at white nationalist rally in Charlottesville..

Cummings, Bart Legendary Australian racehorse trainer Cunningham, Merce Avant-garde dancer and choreographer who revolutionized modern dance Cuomo, Mario Former governor or New York Curran, Jack High school coaching great Curtis, Ann Swimmer won three medals at the Olympic Games Cygan, John Actor played a detective on "The Commish" D'Amico, Cecchi Screenwriter of classic Italian neo-realist films Dahl, Sandy Widow of pilot of United Flight 93 dies Dailey, Janet Romance writer whose books sold more than million copies Daily, Bill Comedic TV sidekick Dal Canton, Bruce Former teacher had a lengthy career as a major league pitcher and coach Dale Oen, Alexander World champion swimmer from Norway Daley, Maggie Former Chicago first lady Dalla, Lucio Italian singer-songwriter sold millions of records worldwide Daly, Mary Radical feminist theology professor Dana, Bill Famed research test pilot Dana , Paul Indy Racing League driver, and former motorsports journalist Daniels, Judith Glassman Pioneering magazine editor, first woman to serve as top editor of Life Daniels, Paul British magician and entertainer Dankworth, John British jazz composer, saxophonist and band leader Darcel, Denise French-born actress known for vampy roles Dark, Alvin Longtime manager and star shortstop Darling, Jean Child actor in the "Our Gang" comedy film series Davenport, Lee Developed radar that helped U.

David, Hal Legendary songwriter partnered with Burt Bacharach Davidson, Bill Detroit Pistons owner and noted philanthropist Davidson, Gordon Film, theater director founded L. Cardiac surgeon who was fatally shot Davies, Howard Acclaimed British theatre director Davies, John Howard Cherubic child actor became influential British television producer Actress on "The Brady Bunch" Davis, Jack Champion hurdler won two Olympic silver medals in the s Davis, Jo Ann Virginia's first woman elected to Congress Member of the Navy Blue Angels died in a crash while performing Davis, Michael Bassist of influential late s rock band MC Davis, Ossie An actor distinguished for roles dealing with racial injustice on stage, screen and in real life Davis, Shaniya 5-year-old had been missing for one week Davis, Steve Former Oklahoma quarterback Dawkins, Darryl NBA player known for his thunderous dunks Dawkins, Jimmy Chicago bluesman Dayan, Assi Iconic Israeli filmmaker Dayton, Bruce Retailer built family's company into what became Target De Laurentiis, Dino Prolific film producer and entrepreneur Dean, Jimmy Country music legend and sausage entrepreneur Dean, Millvina Last survivor of the "unsinkable" Titanic Deaver, Michael Close adviser to Ronald Reagan DeBakey, Michael Cardiovascular surgeon who pioneered heart bypass surgery DeBerry, Lois Longtime Tenn.

DeBruin, Lynn Associated Press sports writer DeCarava, Roy Photographer who captured Harlem's everyday life DeCrow, Karen Women's rights movement leader Dee, Paul Former University of Miami athletic director Dee, Ruby Beloved actor and civil rights activist Dee, Sandra The blond beauty who attracted a large teen audience in the s Del Pozo, Jesus One of Spain's most influential style modernizers Della Casa, Lisa Opera diva widely acclaimed as one of the finest sopranos of her generation The innovative automaker who left a promising career in Detroit to develop the stainless steel-skinned Delp, Brad Lead singer for the band Boston Demps, Benjamin Former Kansas City school superintendent Denktash, Rauf Former Turkish Cypriot leader Denmark, Leila Oldest practicing physician in the world Denver, Bob Whose portrayal of goofy first mate Gilligan on the s television show "Gilligan's Island" made him an iconic figure Derby, Pat 'Flipper,' 'Lassie' trainer-turned-activist Derr, Allen Idaho lawyer won landmark anti-discrimination case Derwinski, Edward First U.

Desio, Alfred Broadway veteran invented a form of electronically enhanced tap dancing called Tap-Tronics Dewdney, Anna Best-selling children's author was known for her "Llama Llama" stories Di Stefano, Alfredo Real Madrid soccer great Di Stefano, Giuseppe One of the greatest tenors of the 20th century Dickens, Hazel Folk singer and bluegrass musician who advocated for coal miners Dickens, Jimmy Oldest Opry Member Diddley, Bo Rock 'n' roll innovator inspired with distinctive "shave and a haircut, two bits" rhythm Didlake, Emma A Michigan woman believed to be the nation's oldest veteran Dienstbier, Jiri Czech dissident who helped topple Communist regime Dietrich II, William S.

Steel executive-turned-philanthropist who pledged major gifts to universities Diller, Phyllis Pioneering standup comic Dillon, Denis Former D. Roman Catholic clergyman served as bishop of Richmond, Virginia, for 13 years DiPaolo, Frank Political mentor to former U. Disney, Roy Walt Disney nephew who twice led shareholder revolts Dixon, Jessy Gospel singer and songwriter Djerassi, Carl Widely considered the father of the birth control pill Doar, John Notable civil rights lawyer Dobbs, Quail Beloved rodeo clown Dobson, Tamara Tall, stunning model-turned-actress who portrayed Cleopatra Jones Best-selling novelist who penned "Ragtime," "Billy Bathgate" Doerflein, Thomas Zookeeper gained fame for hand-rearing Knut the polar bear Doherty, Denny One-quarter of the s folk-rock group the Mamas and the Papas Doig, Ivan Award-winning author from Montana Dolby, Ray Audio pioneer founded Dolby Laboratories Doll, Dora German-born actress whose film credits include "Julia" Dolman, Nancy Actress and wife of actor Martin Short Donaldson, George Celtic Thunder's principal singer Dorman, Lee Bassist for psychedelic rock band Iron Butterfly Dorn, Joel Grammy-winning record producer whose career spanned 40 years Douglas, Diana Actress, model, and mother of Michael Douglas Douglas, Ellen Author of the acclaimed novel "Apostles of Light" Douglas, Mike Who drew on his affable personality and singing talent during 21 years as a talk show host Douglass, Dexter Attorney who represented Al Gore during the election recount of Dow, Nancy Actress-model was the mother of actress Jennifer Aniston Drake, Evelyn and Gilbert Couple married 78 years dies within 48 hours of one another Drake, Larry Emmy-winning actor from "L.

Drew, Ronnie founding member of the Irish folk group The Dubliners Dreyfus, Lee Sherman Former Wisconsin governor was known for his businesslike approach to politics Drowning Victims, Refugee At least 34 people dead while trying to sail away from Turkey

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